ImagEM X2 EM-CCD camera
The ImagEM X2 is an extremely versatile camera that quietly delivers 70 frames/s at full frame and up to 1076 frames/s with analog binning and regions of interest. With very high signal to noise in near dark conditions and extremely low dark current, the ImagEM X2 enables quantitative ultra-low light imaging both for long integration times and at high speed. With EM gain off, the extremely deep full well capacity can extract information from the lowest contrast bright images. Additional new features allow for optimized camera triggering, on-board for EM gain protection, streamlined connectivity through IEEE1394b, improved overall signal to noise and increased non-EM dynamic range. Hamamatsu has taken the beloved 512 × 512 EM-CCD sensor and created a masterfully redesigned camera that delivers maximum speed and precision performance.
The ImagEM X2-1K(C9100-24B) 1024×1024 version is also available.
|Camera head type||Hermetic vacuum-sealed chamber air/water-cooled head *1|
|Window||Anti-reflection (AR) coatings on both sides, single window|
|Imaging device||Electron Multiplying Back-Thinned Frame Transfer CCD|
|Effective number of pixels||512 (H) × 512 (V)|
|Cell size||16 μm (H) × 16 μm (V)|
|Effective area||8.19 mm (H) × 8.19 mm (V)|
|Pixel clock rate (EM-CCD readout)||22 MHz, 11 MHz, 0.6875 MHz|
|Pixel clock rate (NORMAL CCD readout)||0.6875 MHz|
|EM (electron multiplying) gain||1×, 4× to 1200× (typ.) *2|
|Ultra low light detection||Photon Imaging mode (1, 2, 3)|
|Fastest readout speed||70.4 frames/s to 1076 frames/s|
|Readout noise (EM-CCD readout)||36 electrons (EM gain 4×, at 22 MHz) (rms) (typ.)
25 electrons (EM gain 4×, at 11 MHz) (rms) (typ.)
8 electrons (EM gain 4×, at 0.6875 MHz) (rms) (typ.)
1 electron max. (EM gain 1200×) (rms) (typ.)
|Readout noise (NORMAL CCD readout)||8 electrons (at 0.6875 MHz) (rms) (typ.)|
|Full well capacity||EM-CCD readout: 370 000 electrons (typ.) *3
NORMAL CCD readout: 140 000 electrons (typ.)
|Analog gain||EM-CCD readout (22 MHz): 1×
EM-CCD readout (11 MHz/0.6875 MHz): 0.5×, 1×
Normal CCD readout: 1×, 2×, 3×, 4×, 5×
|Cooling temperature (Forced-air cooled)||At temperature control: -65 ℃ (Ambient temperature: 0 ℃ to +30 ℃)
At maximum cooling (typ.): -80 ℃ (Ambient temperature: stable at +20 ℃)
|Cooling temperature (Water cooled)||At temperature control: -80 ℃ (Water temperature: +20 ℃)
At maximum cooling (typ.): -100 ℃ (Water temperature: lower than +10 ℃)
|Temperature stability (Forced-air cooled)||±0.01 ℃ (typ.)|
|Temperature stability (Water cooled)||±0.01 ℃ (typ.)|
|Dark current (Forced-air cooled)||0.005 electron/pixel/s (-65 ℃) (typ.)|
|Dark current (Water cooled)||0.0005 electron/pixel/s (-80 ℃) (typ.)|
|Clock induced charge||0.0015 events/pixel/frame (typ.)|
|Exposure time (Internal sync mode)||13.9 ms to 1 s (22 MHz)
27.2 ms to 2 h (11 MHz)
421.5 ms to 2 h (0.6875 MHz)
|Exposure time (External trigger mode)||10 μs to 1 s (22 MHz)
10 μs to 2 h (11 MHz/0.6875 MHz/Normal-CCD readout)
|A/D converter||16 bit|
|Output signal/External control||IEEE1394b|
|Sub-array||Every 16 lines (horizontal, vertical) size, position can be set|
|Binning||2×2, 4×4, 8×8, 16×16 *4|
|External trigger mode||Edge trigger, Level trigger, Start trigger, Synchronous readout trigger|
|Trigger output||Exposure timing output, Programmable timing output (Delay and pulse length are variable.), Trigger ready output|
|Image processing features (real-time)||Background subtraction, Shading correction, Recursive filter, Frame averaging, Spot noise reducer *5|
|EM gain protection||EM warning mode, EM protection mode|
|EM gain readjustment||Available|
|Power supply||AC 100 V to 240 V, 50 Hz / 60 Hz|
|Power consumption||Approx. 140 VA|
|Ambient storage temperature||-10 °C to + 50 °C|
|Ambient operating temperature||0 °C to + 40 °C|
|Performance guaranteed temperature||0 °C to + 30 °C|
|Ambient operating/storage humidity||70 % max. (with no condensation)|
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